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Neo-fascist PM of Italy
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Legal investigations about Berlusconi
 Delaying tactics
Silvio Berlusconi has an extensive record of indictments, as various criminal charges have been made against him and his companies over the years (see also the following subsection on Berlusconi`s trials), including mafia collusion, false accounting, tax fraud, corruption and bribery of police officers and judges. Some of Berlusconi`s close collaborators, friends and firm managers have been found guilty of related crimes, notably his brother, Paolo, who in 2002 agreed to pay 52,000,000 euros as a plea bargain for various charges including corruption. Silvio Berlusconi has never been convicted in any trial. The Italian legal system allows the statute of limitations to continue to run during the course of the criminal trial. Consequently, the delaying tactics adopted by Berlusconi`s attorneys (including repeated motions for change of venue) served to nullify a pending charge in one case.
 Membership of "Propaganda Due" (P2) masonic lodge
In 1981, a scandal arose after the police discovery of Licio Gelli`s secret freemasonry lodge Propaganda Due (P2), which aimed to move the Italian political system in a more authoritarian regime to oppose communism. The list of people involved in P2 included members of the secret services and some prominent characters from political arena, business, military and media. Silvio Berlusconi, who was then just starting to gain popularity as the founder and owner of "Canale 5" TV network, was listed as a member of P2. The P2 lodge was dissolved by the Italian parliament in December 1981 and a law was passed declaring similar organizations illegal, but no specific crimes were alleged to individual members of P2..
Berlusconi later (1989) sued three journalists for libel for writing articles hinting at his involvement in financial crimes. In the court, he declared that he had joined the P2 lodge "only for a very short time before the scandal broke" and "he had not even paid the entry fee". Such statements, however, conflicted with the findings of the parliamentary commission appointed to investigate the lodge`s activity, with material evidence, and even with previous testimony of Berlusconi, all of which showing that he had actually been a member of P2 since 1978 and had indeed paid a 100,000 Italian liras entry fee. Because of this a court of appeal condemned him for perjury in 1990, but crime was extinguished by the previous 1989 amnesty so he was never actually jailed.
Actually, the main fact related to Berlusconi’s P2 membership has been not pointed out by the just mentioned trial, since Berlusconi was not a normal P2 member. According to an interview released to an Italian newspaper by the P2 head, Licio Gelli, Berlusconi has during his last government completely realized the P2 plan, becoming somehow the P2 plan maker.
In particular, it is worth reminding that among the P2 program points there were: the control of the media and Italian justice and the impairment of the Italian education system. The first point is somehow known even outside of Italy, since Berlusconi, during his government, had full control on 5 out of 6 major national channels. Berlusconi used his televisions in a way similar to the Roman emperors: he basically gave Italians “panem et circenses”, satisfying the Italian population with food and entertainment.
This wouldn`t have been possible without the realization of two other key points of the Gelli program: the impairment of the justice system, which was effectively advanced during his cabinet. The third point, the degradation of the cultural level of the Italian population finalized the P2 programme and is one of the main heritage of the Berlusconi era. The main aspect can be expressed by an example: he came out to convince most Italians that it is easier to make money (and become famous) joining things like TV games, participating in shows like the Big Brother, or even becoming a showgirl or football player, rather than studying at the University.
 Bettino Craxi
Berlusconi`s career as an entrepreneur is also often questioned by his detractors. The allegations made against him generally include suspicions about the extremely fast increase of his activity as a construction entrepreneur in years 1961-63, hinting at the possibility that in those years he received money from unknown and possibly illegal sources. These accusations are regarded by Berlusconi and his supporters as empty slander, trying to undermine Berlusconi`s reputation of a self-made man. Frequently cited by opponents are also events dating to the 1980s, including supposed "favor exchanges" between Berlusconi and the former Socialist prime minister Bettino Craxi, indicted in 1990-91 for various corruption charges. Berlusconi acknowle
www.justresponse.net/berlusconi_pacitti.html, www.gwynnedyer.com/articles/Gwynne%20Dyer%20articl, www.berlusconisilvio.com/, www.ketupa.net/berlusconi.htm
Page Display = 2 (Legacy)
Silvio Berlusconi (born 29 September 1936) is an Italian entrepreneur, media tycoon and politician who served four times as Prime Minister of Italy, from 1994 to 1995, 2001 to 2006 and 2008 to 2011. Berlusconi is the controlling shareholder of Mediaset and owner of the Italian football club A.C. Milan since 1986. He is nicknamed Il Cavaliere (The Knight) for his Order of Merit for Labour. In 2013, Forbes magazine ranked him as the 194th richest man in the world with a net worth of US$6.2 billion. In 2009 Forbes ranked him 12th in the List of The World's Most Powerful People due to his domination on the italian politics.
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